A series of 'annotated' images designed to show what may or may not be or contribute to QSOs.
The replies started before Hubble images were available and were rendered to emphasize pixel
'personalities' of various systems.
Why Enigma Variations, it's a simple and very complex question. With all due respect to Elgar, from whom the musical title is derived, the term immediately invokes a problem with many solutions, or vice versa? These EV all implore us to ask how such objects coexist, not unto themselves, but in consort as they appear. Perhaps the birth and life of QSOs will be better understood from collective EV observation. Like AGN the EV come across as oddities but that may only be a temporal interpretation. Most if not all galaxies have facets that are 'alive' with activities the humble astronomer pines to recognize and understand. Here are seven EV for our consideration at GZ.
(Besides, Exotic Vehicles sounds like a classic car list and Extreme Velocity is too trendy not to mention misleading.
12/09/09 update "Astronomers think ... a cosmic phenomenon called quasars ... occur when mass pours onto huge black holes,
and some material is flung away in bright jets of high-energy radiation that can be seen across the universe. "
has no NED notes or references and is classified as "galaxy." Coupled with an adjacent blue object it might pass for an asteroid - there is a small asteroid nearby. UGC 05832 seems to possess this red object at the end of an anemic arm. This object was chosen as an Enigma Variation due to its z .202 and the large blue galaxy juxtaposed at z .004.
(There is also another feature over the galaxy out of view, 587735348027982088 z .067, mirroring the 'eye' of UGC 08489 below.) 1Romano
et al., 2008. (Arp 291, UGC5832, VV112)
587729158428950547 is classified in NED as UvES. Its z .775 contrasts sharply with the surrounding NGC 4765 z .002. It has one 'quasar' reference. Like UGC 05832 above it is a blue galaxy but without obvious arms. The location of this Enigma Variation is straddling one of the nuclear domains. (For additional background on QSO theory Google 'Halton Arp.')
587735348571996236 aka MRK 0750 is a QSO z .002. This EV is odd because of the reciprocal relationship of the object and a 'nearby' galaxy at z .130. (Usually the objects have high z and the galaxies have low z values.) It seems to be the 'nature' of the EV to 1) bring 2 different objects in proximity and 2) arbitrarily mark the objects at very different z values. In this case the QSO is blue and the galaxy is white. The QSO also has arm-like, rotational features.
588017114513014879 has a z .1 and galaxy UGC 08489 is z .04. This EV is framed in blue like others in this series. At the end of the prominent galaxy arm this "galaxy" object looks like a remote sensing 'eye.' This object might be interacting with the arm rather than a part of the arm. It also seems to be leaving the galaxy.
588015509291532489 z .265 and UGC 02705 z .022 resemble aspects of two other EV(EV1 and EV4) in this series. There also appears to be a less lopsided volumetric aspect ratio between these two objects.
587733441590198288 QSO z .231 is embedded in NGC 6185 z .034. The elliptical galaxy doesn't readily show its features and, at first glance, the QSO is easily visually hidden.
588017947199078473 QSO z 2.183 is appearing lensed by a z .075 galaxy (group) and a timid RadioS, object origin
, at the adjacent galaxy fringe. Visually this QSO looms as large as many objects in our galaxy. It gives one pause to reflect upon what a lensed Milky Way might look like from that QSO
588848900434427973, aka EV8, z .115 lies along a sweeping arc(blue overlay) of objects(red stroke) in NGC 2967 z .006. Another band(green overlay) of objects lie outside the galaxy core. The overlays are like Hadron's acceleration pathways. This grouping is a really elegant display of these objects. The QSO pixels were used to find matching objects which were stroked red. Overlays were added to 'connect the dots.'
587731186736300076 z .394 and another object z .245 are 'possessions' of NGC 7603 z .029. This menagerie is amazing even though there are many other galaxies possessing numerous EV yet to be characterized. It is amazing because the objects are splayed in a dynamic 2-D array and ripe for observation without extraneous clutter. One can't help but machinate
an environment that can produce such a spatial result. Btw, that pendular object hanging at the left terminus is z .057.
These 2 references are from NGC 3338 NED data. This z .004 galaxy, 587735348564787262, has 2 QSO z > 2.
Properties of Quasar-Galaxy Associations and Gravitational Mesolensing by Halo Objects ... http://nedwww.ipac.caltech.edu/cgi-bin/nph-ex_refcode?refcode=2001ARep...45..581B
"A test for the origin of quasar redshifts ...
We give the predictions for the maximum possible proper motions of a quasar for the cosmological and local scenarios of the origin of their redshifts. We apply these theoretical results to the Bukhmastova catalogue, which contains more than 8000 close quasi-stellar object-galaxy associations."http://nedwww.ipac.caltech.edu/cgi-bin/nph-ex_refcode?refcode=2004MNRAS.348..235P
Discovery Poses Cosmic Puzzle: ... http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2005/01/050111115201.htm
Supermassive Black Hole Dissected ... http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081212122941.htm
Watch for Hadron observations. (How many galaxies and QSOs are already cosmic Hadrons?)http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg20427341.200-in-susy-we-trust-what-the-lhc-is-really-looking-for.html
"Any supersymmetric particles, on the other hand, will decay in as little as 10-16 seconds into a slew of secondary particles, culminating in a cascade of neutralinos. Because neutralinos barely interact with other particles, they will evade the LHC's detectors. Paradoxically, this may make them relatively easy to find as the energy and momentum they carry will appear to be missing
. This, in principle, is something quite distinctive. If supersymmetry does smooth the way for string theory, however, that could be a decisive step towards a theory that solves the greatest unsolved problem of physics: why gravity seems so different to all the rest of the forces in nature. If so, supersymmetry really could have all the answers."
QSO/G (AHZ2000fgn too?)
... in the redshift range probed, for their given hosts black holes are on average 2–3 times larger than their Reference
counterparts in the nuclei of nearby inactive galaxies.